Jharkhand - India
Jharkhand pronunciation झारखंड,
Bengali: ঝাড়খণ্ড, is a state in eastern India. It was carved out of
the southern part of Bihar state on 15 November 2000. Jharkhand
shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar
Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Orissa to the south, and West
Bengal to the east.
The industrial city of Ranchi is its capital. Some of the other
major cities and industrial centres are Jamshedpur, Bokaro, Sindri,
Gumla, Deoghar, Hazaribagh and Dhanbad.
Jharkhand is known so because it's the land of "jhari" or shrubs.
It's also related to name 'Jarakand' which signify the movement for
freedom of Jharkhand, literally it means 'to chop off'. Jharkhand is
famed for its mineral wealth and forestry products.
Jharkhand is now improving much faster than its northern counterpart
(Bihar). Its poverty rate declined 2% per year from 1994-2002.
Unlike some other Indian states, Jharkhand's poverty reduction was
faster in the rural areas than in the urban areas. Its percentage of
children immunized improved from 9% in 1998-99 to nearly 50% now
according to UNICEF. Jharkhand has made primary education so
accessible that 95% of children ages 6-11 are enrolled in school as
opposed to 56% in 1993-94.